Coyote hunting is for those who believe the more challenging a hunt the better. Not only do coyotes possess the innate ability for sensing danger, they have ultra sonic hearing, an ultra concentrated sense of smell and an extra double helping of visual acuity. This is why when it comes to coyote hunting, the planning and preparation that takes place before the hunt means everything. As many coyote hunters have found, setting up in the wrong place at the wrong time is likely to mean going home empty handed. There are a number of aspects to consider if one expects a hunt to be successful.
First and foremost, successful coyote hunting depends on scouting. This needs the ability to recognize coyote tracks and scat when one sees them. Unlike a dog, coyote tracks tend to be egg-shaped and more compact. Coyote scat is known for being cigar shaped and bleaching to white the longer it stays out in the sun. Going into areas where coyotes have been spotted is also likely to be where there are also plentiful amounts of small animals such as rabbits or rodents. It is also a good idea to check for hair caught in fences as coyotes are quite comfortable digging under and jumping over all types of enclosures.
Learning to set up for coyote hunting can be one of the most important parts of the hunt. While coyotes have the tremendous ability to sense danger, a large part of that gift is in their sense of smell. Paying attention to wind direction is the one thing that can make or break a hunt. A seasoned hunter knows to set up with the wind blowing directly at them. Wearing good camouflage and sitting in shade are two more things that can help make a hunter less visible to the keen eyes of a coyote. While it may be impossible to find a spot that has all three elements, one must do the best they can with what they are give.
As with most types of hunting, calls play a crucial role in attracting one’s quarry. There are a great number of exquisite coyote calls out on the market for hunters. Many of these instruments come with recordings that demonstrate effective vocalization techniques. This is a bonus for those who are not well versed in calling coyotes and find they need something to practice by. While calling is important to coyote hunting, sounding like an expert is not a needment. In general, it is recommended that one call out for 20 to 30 seconds every two minutes for up to a 30 minute time span.